The old vineyards: Teolis, Paladis, Melaris, Murellis
The newer vineyards: Monuments and Corvatis
These vineyards are named after their locations. In the past, local farmers gave names, for various reasons, to every place in the agricultural landscape, names that were orally passed down and eventually written down on topographic maps and property tax rolls. We have, in a real sense, continued their life by putting those names on our wine labels.
Each of those vineyards exhibits its own distinctive patterns of climate and soils. Enormous care and deliberation went into selecting grape varieties best suited to each site. Consideration was given to Austro-Hungarian, French, and Friulan traditions, all of which have deep roots here in the Isonzo area, in addition to the expertise we have gained over the past thirty years. Those factors led to the planting of chardonnay, sauvignon blanc, malvasia (istriana), and refosco dal peduncolo rosso.
These varieties are subdivided into the following cru vineyards:
-sauvignon blanc, in Teolis and Corvatis
-chardonnay, in Paladis and Monuments
-malvasia istriana, in Melaris
-refosco dal peduncolo rosso, in Murellis.
The differences in soil composition, all quite obvious, are due to geographic location: the dolomite-limestone soils lie to the south, and the clay-marl limestone soils lie in the north, while between the two are transitional complexes.
The climate, or better, meso-climate, is significantly impacted by the nearby hills, which influence the various seasonal and annual rainfall patterns.
Both areas are oriented north-south, but temperatures and ground warmth patterns are different, which brings acceleration or delay in bud-break and in the other vine-growth stages. The village of Moraro, although not a large mass, does offer protection from some weather factors and favours others, so that, in addition to rainfall amount, some zones can also be defined for their heat index. Another climate factor is wind, which varies for each vineyard site.